History of district:
The earliest known chieftain who ruled Tagadur (present Dharmapuri) during the Sangam era, is Adigaman Naduman Anji, whose patronage sustained the famous Tamil poetess Avvaiyar. The region is believed to have been controlled by the Pallava regime in the 18th century. In the beginning of the 9th century, the Rashtrakutas gained power and influenced the history of the district for the next two centuries. The Rashtrakutas were defeated by the Cholas, and subsequently the district came under the Chola sphere of governance. During 18th century present day dharmapuri district was under Mysore kingdom and it was called as Baramahal, As per treaty of Seringapatam after Third Anglo-Mysore War, tipu sultan agreed to give part of his territories including the present dharmapuri district to The British East India Company which was then merged into madras presidency. The present Dharmapuri district was then a part of the Salem district. During the British rule in the country and even till 1947 Dharmapuri was one of the Taluks of Salem District. The Dharmapuri district was formed as a separate district on 02/10/1965 with its headquarters at Dharmapuri. The Dharmapuri district was bifurcated into present-day Dharmapuri and Krishnagiri districts in 2004. Many historical rock sculptures are found in this district. Modhur,a village near dharmapuri has remains that dates back to neolithic age.A government museum in dharmapuri town displays some of these significant sculptures for people's view.
Main occupation of the district:
Agriculture & Horiculture: Farm lands, near Pappireddipatti The district economy is mainly agrarian in nature. Nearly 70% of the workforce is dependent on agriculture and allied activities. The district is one among most backward and drought prone area in the state. Dharmapuri district also forms a major horticultural belt in the state. As the area is drought - prone it has become essential to switch over to cultivation of drought tolerant perennial fruit crops in this district. Mango is the main horticulture crop of this District. It has the highest area under the fruit crops . The district accounts for nearly one-third area under mango and nearly one-half of the mango yield in the state. Palacode is the main area where tomato is cultivated. Chilli is cultivated mainly at Pennagaram. Fisheries: Dharmapuri being an inland district, fishing is restricted to inland only here. Main varieties of fish available are katla, rogu, mirgal, common and corp. Mineral Resources: Dharmapuri district is endowed with sizeable reserves of granite. High quality black granite is available in Pennagaram, Harur and Palacode blocks. Quartz is available at Kendiganapalli Village of Pennagaram Taluk, A.Velampatti of Harur taluk and Pethathampatti of Pappireddipatti Taluk. Another High value mineral available here is Molibdinum, which is identified as a good conductor. It is available in Harur.
Dharmapuri is well connected by the major National Highway - NH 7. It has two bus stands - one for rural/urban places of Dharmapuri district and another for all major parts of Tamil Nadu. Dharmapuri is connected with South Western railways. Station code is DPJ. In recent Railway Budget 2011, Railway minister announced new DEMU (Diesel Electric Multiple Unit) train JI service between Dharmapuri - Bangalore. The nearest International Airport is Bangalore International Airport. The nearest airport is Salem airport ( approx 45 km ). Vehicles from most part of the Tamil Nadu and Kerala passes through Dharmapuri for travelling to Bangalore and North India. Dharmapuri can potentially be made as a transport hub like Salem or Krishnagiri for connectivity to Chennai and Bangalore. Coimbatore to Chennai via Mettur, Dharmapuri, Tiruppattur, Vellore is the shortest route to Chennai, due to lack of highways between Bhavani and Vaniyambadi this route is not a primary route for transport. Coimbatore to Bangalore via Bhavani, Mettur, Dharmapuri, Palacode, Hosur will reduce the current distance by 30 km due to lack of highway through Bhavani, Mettur, Thoppur and Dharmapuri, Palacode, Hosur this route is not widely used. Lack of train connectivity between Dharmapuri and Morappur (25 km) makes Dharmapuri detached from direct train connectivity to Chennai. whereas Dharmapuri is well connected to Bangalore by train. Electrifying and double tracking the train route between Salem to Bangalore via Dharmapuri will boost the connectivity and economy of the district.
Tourism in Dharmapuri district is a fast expanding industry. The Kaveri river flows into the state through the district, and Hogenakkal, a town situated 46 km from Dharmapuri is the site where the river drops into as a scenic waterfall. Another important tourist destination in the state is the hill-temple at Theerthamalai in Harur taluk which is a sacred religious place for the Hindus, and which had been existent right from the times of the Chola and the Vijayanagara empires. There are temples built by the Ganga Dynasty in Dharmapuri and Adiamankottai. These include Mallikarjuna Temple in Dharmapuri, with special mention of Bhirava, Ashtadig Palakas etc. and an old basadi in Adiamankottai. Vathalmalai or Vytla Hills is a Village in Dharmapuri taluk and Dharmapuri district in Tamil Nadu having an area measuring nearly 225 kmē. Most of the native flora and fauna of Vytla have disappeared due to severe habitat fragmentation resultant from the creation of the plantations. However, some species continue to survive and thrive in several protected areas nearby, include Sheverayan Hills (Yercaud). These protected areas are especially known for several threatened and endemic species including Nilgiri Thar, the Grizzled Giant Squirrel, the Nilgiri Wood-pigeon, the Gaur, wild pig, the Nilgiri langur, the Sambar, and the Neelakurinji (that blossoms only once in twelve years). It is a small village situated at 3600 ft height (MSL). It is 25 km away from Dharmapuri Town (17 km to reach bottom of the hill and 8 km to hill top). 'Hogenakkal Falls or Hogenakal Falls' is a waterfall in South India on the river Kaveri. It is located in the Dharmapuri district of the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu, about 180 km (110 mi) from Bangalore and 46 km (29 mi) from Dharmapuri town. It is sometimes referred to as the "Niagara of India". With its fame for medicinal baths and hide boat rides, it is a major tourist attraction. Carbonatite rocks in this site are considered to be the oldest of its kind in South Asia and one of the oldest in the world. This is also the site of a proposed project to generate drinking water. Boating in Hogenakkal is allowed during the dry-season as the water falls are not strong enough to disrupt the passage of the boats. This is the main source of income for these boat operators. The coracles are about 2.24 m (7 ft 4 in) in diameter, but still can take a load of eight persons at a time. These coracles are made of bamboo, and with all materials available takes about a day to build. The bottom of the boats are made waterproof by the use of hides, but sometimes with sheets of plastic. Use of plastics in the Hogenakkal vicinity, not just for boats, has been criticised due to problems with pollution. These boats are steered and propelled using a single paddle, making them unique. The coracles are locally called parisal in Tamil and either teppa or harigolu in Kannada. Freshly caught fish are sold by the gorge and also various vendors selling water and snacks up and down the gorge rowing their coracles is not uncommon. The fish caught include katla, robu, kendai, keluthi, valai, mirgal, aranjan and jilaby. After leaving the gorge, on the left shore one can find improvised stalls set up on the sand. There, one can let the fresh fishes be prepared in one of the many kitchens. Also, many people can be found swimming or bathing around there.