History of district:
The region belonging to the present day districts were ruled successively by several dynasties of South India including the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas. It was under the rule of Cheras in the first millennium and various Karnataka rulers. During the 10th to 12th centuries the region was part of the larger Chola Empire . The region became part of Vijayanagara empire in 1300's, later under Nayaks of Madurai until 17th century. Under the Madurai Nayaks, the Polygar system of administration was established, who were the Governors of the region. Since mid 17th century the region was part of Kingdom of Mysore but continuing the Polygar system of administration. The Polygar chieftain Dheeran Chinnamalai was one of the governors of the region, who played a major part in the early struggle for Indian Independence in the Polygar Wars against the British East India Company. After the Polygar and Mysore wars in the late 18th century, the area came under control of the British until the Indian Independence in 1947. It was a part of the erstwhile Coimbatore district until its bifurcation in 1979. Erode District (previously known as Periyar District) is a district in the Kongu Nadu region (western part) of the state of Tamil Nadu, India. It was the largest district by area in the state before the Formation of Tirupur District and the headquarters of the district is Erode. It is divided into two revenue divisions namely Erode and Gobichettipalayam and further subdivided into 6 taluks. Periyar district was a part of Coimbatore District before its bifurcation on September 17, 1979 and was renamed as Erode District in 1996. As of 2011, the district had a population of 2,251,744 with a sex-ratio of 993 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.
Main occupation of the district:
Agriculture is the most important income source of the district. Paddy, plantain, silk, cotton, turmeric, coconut and sugarcane are some of the major products from agriculture and allied industries. With 43% share, the district is the top turmeric producer in Tamil Nadu. Erode is also known as "Turmeric city" as it is an important market center for turmeric. Erode district is also the leading producer of plantain, coconuts and white silk in Tamil Nadu. Gobichettipalayam is well known for its white silk, cotton, plantain and coconut production. The country's first automated silk reeling unit is located near Gobichettipalayam. Erode, Bhavani and Chennimalai are well known for handloom, powerloom textile products and ready-made garments. In 2005, Bhavani Jamakkalam (Bhavani Bedsheets) was registered as a Geographical Indication by the Government of India. is also famous for textiles. Anthiyur and Modachur (Gobichettipalayam) shandy are famous for cattle.
The transportation system in the district is already well developed. Erode, being one of the prominent trading centers in the state, is well connected with all modern means of transport except air transport. The district is accessible by both road and rail from the state capital Chennai and other major cities. The district is divided into four RTO sub-divisions namely Erode East (TN 33), Gobichettipalayam (TN 36), Perundurai (TN 56) and Erode West (TN 86). Gobichettipalayam RTO has two sub offices namely Bhavani (TN 36W) and Sathyamangalam (TN 36Z). Railways: The district has one major railway station namely, Erode Junction. It was built by the British to connect the west coast of India to the east coast of India. There are state of art ISO certified diesel and electric locomotive sheds at Erode Junction. Erode Junction, which has the distinction of being the third cleanest railway junction in India serves as the hub for water filling facilities and food provisions. Roadways: The district is well connected by road. The following is the list of major arterial roads: National Highways NH-47 connecting Salem - Coimbatore - Cochin - Kanyakumari passes via Bhavani, Chithode and Perundurai NH-209 connecting Bangalore - Coimbatore - Dindigul passes via Sathyamangalam Proposed Highways NH 67-A, connecting Karur - Erode NH 209-A, connecting Sathyamangalam - Gobichettipalayam - Erode State Highways SH-15 connecting Erode - Gobichettipalayam - Sathyamangalam - Mettupalayam - Ooty SH-15A connecting Gobichettipalayam - Nambiyur - Avinashi SH-20 connecting Erode - Bhavani - Mettur Dam - Mecheri - Thoppur SH-37 connecting Mettur - Erode - Arachalur - Kangeyam - Dharapuram - Palani SH-79 connecting Erode - Tiruchengode - Rasipuram - Attur SH-81 connecting Gobichettipalayam - Uthukuli - Kangeyam - Dharapuram SH-82 connecting Sathyamangalam - Athani - Bhavani SH-84 connecting Erode - Kodumudi - Karur SH-84A connecting Erode - Modakurichi - Vellakoil - Moolanur SH-96 connecting Erode - Perundurai - Chennimalai - Kangeyam The Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Coimbatore division-II headquartered at Erode (originally called as Jeeva Transport Corporation) services the inter and intra city routes. The State Express Bus Corporation (SETC) operates express services from Erode and Gobichettipalayam to major cities across the state. Erode Central Bus Terminus, which serves as a major hub is one of the largest in the state. Due to its proximity to states of Karnataka and Kerala, Karnataka State Road Transport Corporation and Kerala State Road Transport Corporation buses also ply in the district.
The district has many places of interest attracting tourists from all over the state and other neighboring states. Notable of them include: Bannari Amman Temple, Bannari Bhavanisagar Dam, Bhavanisagar Chennimalai Murugan temple, Chennimalai Kodiveri Dam - Gobichettipalayam, Pachaimalai Subramanya Swamy Temple - Gobichettipalayam, Pariyur Kondathu Kaliamman Temple - Gobichettipalayam, Sangameswarar Temple - Bhavani, Sathyamangalam Tiger reserve, Thindal Murugan Temple - Erode, Vellode Birds Sanctuary - Erode, Magudeshwarar Temple - Kodumudi