History of district:
Karur is one of the oldest towns in Tamil Nadu and has played a very significant role in the history and culture of the Tamils. Its history dates back over 2000 years, and has been a flourishing trading center even in the early Sangam days. In the ancient and medieval times, the area was ruled by the Cheras, Gangas and Cholas. Karur was the capital of Cheras.The Pasupatheesvarar Temple sung by Thirugnana Sambhandar, in Karur was built by the Chola kings in the 7th century. Later the Nayakars followed by Tipu Sultan also ruled Karur. The British added Karur to their possessions after destroying the Karur Fort during their war against Tipu Sultan in 1783. There is a memorial at Rayanur near Karur for the warriors who lost their lives in the fight against the British in the Anglo-Mysore Wars. Thereafter Karur became part of British India and was first part of Coimbatore District and later Tiruchirappalli District. Karur District is a district located along the Kaveri and Amaravathi rivers in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The main town in Karur District is the city of Karur, which is also the district headquarters. The district had a population of 1,064,493 with a sex-ratio of 1,015 females for every 1,000 males.
Main occupation of the district:
Agriculture: Karur District is a part of cauvery delta region and utilization of land area in the district is up to 44.59%. 4.76% of the land area remains as other uncultivated land. 2.74% is forest area in Karur district. Black soil is the predominant soil type in this district accounting for 35.51% followed by laterite soil for 23.85%. The remaining 20.31% is sandy, coastal and alluvium soil. The main crops are paddy, banana, sugarcane, beetle leaf, grams & pulses, tapioca, kora grass, groundnuts, oilseeds, tropical vegetables, garland flowers, and medicinal herbs. Home textiles: Karur is famous for its home textiles. Karur has a niche in five major product groups - bed linens, kitchen linens, toilet linens, table linens and wall hangings. Overall Karur generates around Rs.6000 crores in foreign exchange through direct and indirect exports. Allied industries like ginning and spinning mills, dyeing factories, weaving etc., employs around 450,000 people in and around Karur. On the international textile map, Karur has become synonymous with hand loom made-ups first as Tirupur in the hosiery product. The weaving industry came to Karur from Kerala and has earned a reputation for its high quality hand-loom products today. Hand loom exports from Karur began on a modest scale with just 15 exporters in 1975 and today Karur has thousands of exporters and the products are supplied to world leading chain stores like Walmart, Target, IKEA, ┼hlÚns etc. Paper: TNPL Mill, TNPL is promoted by the Government of Tamil Nadu with loan assistance from the World Bank. Today TNPL is the largest producer of bagasse based paper in the world and the 2nd largest paper producer in Asia. TNPL produces 230,000 tons of Printing & writing paper and consumes 1 million tones of bagasse every year.providing more employment. Bus body building: Karur is a renowned hub for bus building industry. It is notable of Karur that almost 95% of south Indian private bus bodies are being built here. The total business is estimated to be around Rs.2750 crore per Annum. There are more than 200 builders in the district and they are making more than 3500 buses per year, including government buses of some states like Karnataka, Tamil Nadu etc. Cement: Karur is also home to Chettinad Cements and TNPL Cements. Chettinad Cements has an installed production capacity of 600,000 tons per annum, with another 1.1 million tons expansion in the pipeline. Sugar: EID Parry has a sugar factory unit at Pugalur and Pettavaithalai. Both separately has a capacity of 4000 TCD per year. It also has a 22 MW co-generation power plant, with TNPL. Banking: The private scheduled banks Karur Vysya Bank and Lakshmi Vilas Bank have their headquarters in Karur. Jewellery: Jewellery business is the most important business in Karur. Nylon nets: HDPE filament and associated product manufacturing. Gem stones: The Karur belt also produces some very good amethyst, cat's eyes, feldspar, moonstones, aquamarines, sapphires, jasper and beryl.
Road: Karur is connected with the rest of India through all modern means of transportation. The International highway AH-43 pass away here.There are two national highways: NH-7 (North South Corridor Road (Kashmir to Kanyakumari)) Varanasi - Kanyakumari and NH-67 (Nagapattinam - Trichy - Karur - Coimbatore - Gudalur), which connect with other major towns such as Erode, Tiruppur, Pollachi, Namakkal, Dindigul, Theni, Palani, Karaikudi, Kumbakonam, and Pondicherry. There are new highway construction projects under work. There are busstands at Karur, Kulithalai, Musiri, Thogaimalai, Tharagampatti and Pallapatti from which there are numerous busses to other parts of the state and other states. Train: Karur (Station Code - KRR) is connected to the Indian Railways network. Trains from Mysore to Tuticorin, Mangalore to Chennai, Coimbatore to Kumbakonam Janshatabdi Express and Mysore to Mayiladuthurai travel via Karur. Karur is connected to major towns like Coimbatore, Madurai, Chennai, Trichy, Salem, Erode, Bangalore and almost North India via rail network. Now salem to karur rail road come to effect so the travelling time from karur to other north Tamil Nadu is reduced.
Picnic spots: Mayanur - Kaveri bed regulator, Dam and River side park, Chettipalayam - Amaravathi bed regulator park, Tirumukkudalur - Kaveri,Amaravathi and Noyyal rivers coincide here, Nerur - Sacred muut, Meditation - River side park, Kadavur - Ponnaniyar dam, Manthirikonpatty-Dam and River Side Park. Temples: Kalyana Pasupatheeswarar Temple, Sri Balasubramania swamy temple - Vennaimalai, Shree Kalyana Pasupatheeswarar Temple (Thiru Aanilai) - Karur, Shree Abayapradhana Ranganathar Temple - Karur, Shree Karuvur Mariyamman Temple - Karur, Thanthondrimalai Shree Kalyana Venkataramanaswamy Temple, Shree Balasubramania Swamy Temple - Vennaimalai, Pugazhimalai Shree BalasubramaniaSwamy Temple (Aaru Naatar Malai), Balamalai Shree Balathandayuthapani Temple, Vanjeleeshwarar Temple - Karur, Koteeshwarar Temple - Karur, Sri Chakkarathalwar Temple - Karur, Venjamangudalur Vigirtheeswarar Temple, Chettipalayam Gundaleeswarar Temple, Noyyal Shree Selaandiyamman Temple, Attur Sholiyamman Temple, Vanjiyamman Temple, Velliyanai-Shree kalyana Pressana Venkatramana Perumal Samy Temple, Velliyanai-Shree Devi karumariyamman Temple, Manmangalam- Shree pudhu Kaliamman Temple, Valangiyamman Temple, Aravakkurichi Kasi visvanathar Temple, Vangal Shree Vangalamman Temple, Nerur Shree Sadhasiva Bhrameendhraal Temple, Nerur Agneeshwarar Temple, Madhukkarai Sellandiyamman Temple, Manmangalam Shree Kaliyamman Temple, Periyamadhiyagudalur Arungaraiamman Temple, Chinna Darapuram Munimukktheswarar Temple, Moolapalayam Shree Maragatheeswarar Temple (Hill), Krishnarayapuram Tirukkanmalleswarar Temple, Kadavur Vasantha perumal Temple, Veerappur Kannimaramman, Ponnar Sankar Temple, Kulithalai Kadambar Temple, Kulithalai Neelameegha perumal Temple, Iyermalai Rathinagireeshwarar Temple, Sivayam Sivapurishwarar Temple, Lalapet Iyyapan Temple (1st Iyyapa Temple in Tamil Nadu), Lalapet Sri Jaya Anjaneya temple, Lalapet new Semponpothieswarar temple ( lord siva ), Lalapet Ayyanar appan temple, Mahanadhapuram Mahalakshmi Amman temple, Togamalai Murugan Temple, Tirumukkudalur Agastheeshwarar Temple, Rangamalai Malleeshwarar Temple, Puliyur Vyakarapuriswarar temple, Uppidamangalam Adiyaarkku ealiyaar Temple, Thottakuruchi Malayamman Temple, Manthirikonpatty vinayagar kovil, Govindampalayam bhagavathi amman temple, Lalapet kodikkal street bhagavathiamman temple, Lalapet maariamman temple.