History of district:
Viluppuram is one of the thirty two districts which make up Tamil Nadu state situated on the southern tip of India. The district headquarters is located at Viluppuram. Viluppuram district came into existence on 30 September 1993 when it was created out of South Arcot district. Viluppuram is the largest district in the state. The district lies in the middle of the Tiruchirapalli to Chennai National Highways No. 45. It is well connected by the rail road and it is major junction. From here one can go to any corner of the Tamil Nadu as well as to other part of India. This district is having variety of tourist spots which are more than 100 years old. The district has temples, mosques and churches which are very old and famous.
Main occupation of the district:
In 2006, the Ministry of Panchayatin Raj named Viluppuram one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the six districts in Tamil Nadu currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
Road: Viluppuram is well connected by roads to major cities and to the rest of the state. Villupuram has the longest National roads of any district in Tamil Nadu. The major national highways of the town are: NH 45, which connects Chennai to Theni, via Viluppuram - Tiruchirapalli - Dindigul - Periyakulam. NH 45A, which connects Viluppuram to Nagapattinam via Pondicherry and Cuddalore. NH 234, which Connects Villupuram to Mangalore via Thiruvannamalai - Vellore - Gudiyatham. NH 45C, which connects (Viluppuram) Vikravandi to Thanjavur via Panruti - Neyveli - Kumbakonam and intersects with NH 45A in Koliyanur, about 5 km from Viluppuram. Besides the above-mentioned national highways, several state highways also run through the district and town.
The town has a lot of buses frequently to major cities such as Chennai, Tiruchirapalli, Bangalore, Madurai, Salem, Pondicherry, Vellore etc. The town also serves the frequent bus services to nearby towns like Cuddalore, Thiruvannamalai, Tindivanam, Kallakurichi etc. Viluppuram is also the headquarters of the Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) - Viluppuram Division (the erstwhile Thanthai Periyar Transport Corporation [TPTC]). It is one of the six Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation divisions serving the state. Viluppuram Bus Station is one of the largest bus terminus by area in Tamil Nadu.
Rail: Viluppuram has a well-known railway station. It was first built under the British. The Viluppuram Railway Junction at Viluppuram serves as the distribution point of rail traffic from Chennai, the state capital of Tamil Nadu, towards the southern part of the state. It is one of the important junctions in Southern Railway. Five railway lines branch out of Viluppuram: Double Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Chennai Beach via Chengulpattu Junction. Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Tiruchirapalli Junction via Vridhachalam Junction and Ariyalur. Also called "Chord Line" to Tiruchirapalli. Non electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Tiruchirapalli Junction via Cuddalore Port Junction, Mayiladuthurai Junction, Kumbakonam and Thanjavur Junction. Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line towards Katpadi Junction via Tiruvannamalai and Vellore Cantonment. Electrified BG (Broad Gauge) line to Pondicherry. Viluppuram railway station has been undergone a massive infrastructure upgrade to handle this traffic.
Gingee Fort is well known for its history and stone architecture.
Auroville is an experimental township in Viluppuram District.
Shiva temple at Thiruvamathur, popular as Valentine's day temple.